Sovermjei Konstitutsja

[Updated 7 June 2020]

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CONSTITUTION of the SECOND REPUBLIC of SOVERMIA
KONSTITUTSJA gin
DVIMEI SOVERMJEI REPUBLIKA

Office of the President
Interim Government of the Second Republic
17 May 2020

ARTICLE 1 [Declaration]

1.1 [Preamble] The people of the Commonwealth of Sovermia, seeking to secure the benefits of community and mutual support,

1.2 [Affirmation] affirm these as essential foundations for the fulfillment of human life for ourselves and for posterity;

1.3 [Vigilance] from the ample testimony of past human experience, aspire to active and ongoing vigilance in the face of the progressive removal of the premises of state power from easy access, careful scrutiny and necessary reform;

1.4 [Law] assert the historically demonstrable superiority of well-grounded law over any single or corporate human authority;

1.5 [Social Compact Defined] acknowledge that the heart of all social compacts consists of two common-law principles: fulfilling agreements and respecting boundaries defining persons and their property;

1.6 [Enacting the Compact] agree that only through the realization of both obligations and rights do we empower and enact such a compact;

1.7 [Establishment] and therefore we derive by elaboration from these goals and understandings a compendium of laws, including both obligations and rights, in order to assess our past deeds, guide our present choices, and shape and realize our future hopes. Therefore, expressing our common purpose and our ideals, we establish this constitution for our governance, acknowledging its imperfection as a human instrument, and committing ourselves to its ongoing reform through careful deliberation, wise choice and personal example.

ARTICLE 2 [Obligations]

2.1 [Preamble] By living in community, and acknowledging that where we hope to benefit is a guide to where we likewise have obligations to help to preserve others’ corresponding benefits, we assent to and assume these obligations:

2.2 [Wisdom] to seek out wisdom and knowledge, striving to avoid ignorance and folly as excuses for our failings;

2.3 [Training and Development] to discover and develop worthy skills, talents and strengths through training, practice and education, striving to avoid indolence and waste of potential;

2.4 [Personal Responsibility] to act for the good of the whole, striving in good faith to minimize the imposition on others of the direct and indirect effects of our own actions and beliefs without their consent or knowledge, and to maximize the advantage individually and in community of our abilities, perspectives, contributions, and presence;

2.5 [Care of the Commons] to care for the commons, including air, water, land and living creatures; the human social space, including laws and statutes; and our own health, because it affects others; and to support on others’ behalf those things which we ourselves also wish to enjoy;

2.6 [Political Vigilance] to maintain vigilance toward all government, so that its actions reflect our will, and so that we do not forfeit freedom through negligence;

2.7 [Sovermian Citizenship] to assume or renounce Sovermian citizenship, in light of these obligations, either when we attain to the age of majority at 20 years if native born, or as adults after one year of participation in the Commonwealth;

2.8 [Outlawry] to enforce the consequences of outlawry on those who forfeit citizenship.

ARTICLE 3 [Rights]

3.1 [Preamble] By living in community, we acknowledge a second time that the heart of all social compacts consists of fulfilling agreements and respecting boundaries defining persons and their property; we further acknowledge that where we claim rights is a guide to where we likewise have obligations to help to preserve others’ rights;

in light of these acknowledgments, we extend to each other the following rights; agree to support and defend them for each other corporately and individually; acknowledge them often to be in necessary and fruitful tension with each other and with our obligations, and their ongoing reconciliation and resolution insofar as possible to be a healthy, necessary, and ongoing responsibility of citizenship;

3.2 [Life] to life, of which no one may deprive another for any cause except self-defense and outlawry;

3.3 [Liberty] to freedom of movement within and between nations; and to freedom from arrest, detention or exile on arbitrary grounds;

3.4 [Instruction] to training, information, education and instruction, informal and formal, in order to maximize one’s opportunities and capacities both to contribute to the whole and to realize one’s highest ideals.

3.5 [Assembly] to freedom of assembly and association, including religious and political activity, and the organization of guilds, trade groups and unions;

3.6 [Freedom from Compulsory Association] to freedom from compulsion to join any organization for any reason, in tension with the needs of the social compact;

3.7 [Just Law] to impartial, compassionate and non-prejudicial law, including the right to litigation, counsel, representation, trial, judgment and appeal, without delay or bias;

3.8 [Redress and Restitution] to legal redress of grievances in the form of a compensatory contract made between the wronged and wronging parties;

3.9 [Presumption of Innocence] to the presumption of innocence until demonstration or admission of guilt;

3.10 [Limitation on Penalties] to freedom from guilt or penalty for an act or omission which did not constitute an offense at the time it was committed;

3.11 [Freedom from Slavery] to freedom from slavery, including buying or selling persons as slaves, profiting from association with those holding slaves, or benefiting in any other way from slavery or its consequences;

3.12 [Political Service] to political service and expression, and to abstention from these, in tension with citizen responsibilities and obligations;

3.13 [Fair Government] to fair, efficient, responsive and transparent governmental structures; and to adequate means to achieve and sustain these;

3.14 [Political Change] to the change or dissolution of governmental structures and state power through all lawful means, or, when the state or its representatives have usurped all lawful means and no other remedy is available, through any means whatsoever;

3.15 [Torture and Unusual Punishment] to freedom from torture and from any other cruel or unusual punishment;

3.16 [Property] to property, held alone or in association with others, including status and reputation held in community;

3.17 [Thought, Conscience, Belief and Religion] to freedom of thought, conscience, belief and religion, and to individual and communal expression of these;

3.18 [Identity and Nationality] to the establishment and maintenance of a legal identity, including a nationality, of which a person may not be deprived for any reason before establishing a new legal identity to replace it;

3.19 [Marriage] to marry, to abstain from marriage, and to end marriage;

3.20 [Family] to form families through birth and adoption, as both single persons, couples, or natural groups;

3.21 [Childhood Protection] to protection as children, until adulthood at the age of 20, from exploitation, abuse, deprivation and abandonment, and to provision of food, clothing, counsel, shelter, education and health care until adulthood;

3.22 [Privacy] to privacy of person, opinion, identity, association, affiliation and communication with others;

3.23 [Access to Information] to access to information, in fair and just reciprocity with the right to privacy;

3.24 [Expression and Publication] to express and disseminate ideas, opinions and beliefs in the media of one’s choice;

3.25 [Employment] to suitable employment, and to just and equitable compensation sufficient to sustain life, health, freedom and dignity;

3.26 [Leisure] to rest and leisure, including a reasonable limitation of working hours;

3.27 [Education] to education as a necessity of democratic citizenship, sustainable community, personal growth and employment, as far as personal merit and capacity avail;

3.28 [Health and Environment] to a healthy commons and to equitable access to the means of sustaining and restoring individual health;

3.29 [Cultural Life] to participation in a cultural life of one’s choosing and preference;

3.30 [Societal Support] to societal support equivalent to the right of employment, in case of involuntary unemployment, disability, illness, incapacity, or extended familial obligation;

3.31 [Outlawry] to outlaw a citizen, only after due process, and when no further recourse is possible; and to self-outlawry and exile from Sovermia within 48 hours, in both cases abrogating all obligations and rights under Sovermian law.

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